C Spots Farm's
Coturnix Quail Chinese Painted Button Quail
Quails are easy to take care of and can easily be housed in a repurposed rabbit hutch, you can buy a ready-made cage or you can build your own according to the amount of birds you want. There are also all-wire cages that farm and garden stores sell. A converted chicken coop and run works well. The smallest quail, the Button Quail, can be housed in small pet cages and kept in the house. There are many options to choose from when it comes to housing quail.
Whichever way you choose to house your quail they need to have some cover from the elements. Some people use a rabbit hutch that is partially covered. Others build a quail cage and use a tarp over one portion of it to protect from hot sun, rain and snow. I’ve seen cages set inside three sided buildings like a shed so the birds can get fresh air but have protection from the elements.
No matter what cage you house your birds in the flooring must be safe. The flooring can be shavings if they are in a chicken coop or aviary. Birds kept indoors as pets typically have housing in guinea pig cages with shavings for bedding. Most cages that are outdoors have wire floors. You must make sure the wire is no larger than ½” and Button Quail typically have a solid floor with wood shavings or sand if in an aviary. If you use a cage with all wire flooring putting in some rubber mats that are easily washed off gives the quail’s feet a chance to rest of the wire if they choose.
For domestic quail such as Bobwhites and Coturnix a cage can easily be built. It can either be made with legs to have it up in the air for easy cleaning underneath or some people will hang a wire cage from an overhead beam set up or rafters so the cage is 3-4 feet off the ground in a shed or barn.
Each adult quail needs at least 1 square foot per bird or for Button Quail a 12” x 24” cage works well for 3-4 Buttons. Overcrowding causes fighting and feather picking and makes for an unhealthy environment. A pair of pet Coturnix would do well in a 3’ x 2’ guinea pig or rabbit cage. Shavings would work well as bedding with a dish for food and one for water. Any bird that is kept outdoors must be protected from predators. If using a converted chicken coop or chicken tractor make sure there are no holes that they can get out of or a predator, like a weasel, can get in. Check for holes underneith the fencing and dig down a foot and put in wire so predators can’t dig underneath.
When building your own quail cage, you can use wood and wire and build your cage to your own specifications. You can size the cage to your choice depending on the number of birds you plan to have. There are many books to get plans on do-it-yourself coops for chickens, rabbits and quail. Quail are ground dwellers and do not perch as chickens do so a coop close to the ground will do fine.
A chicken tractor would work well for quail. Along with DIY chicken coops many of these books also have plans for a chicken tractor. The chicken tractor is a moveable cage that has many varieties for example one for three hens may be 3’ x 4’ and will be wire on all sides with an open bottom so the tractor can be moved from place to place when needed. Placing a tarp over one end provides shelter. This would be a very natural type set up for chickens as well as quail.
No matter what you house your quail in make sure the birds have a safe environment that is protected from the elements. Quail are very easy to care for and keeping them healthy and safe is of prime importance.
Some pictures of quail housing: